What does the term ciliated mean?

What does the term ciliated mean?

Something that’s ciliated is covered in microscopic projections that look like tiny hairs. Ciliated cells use a sweeping motion to remove toxins from your lungs. Ciliated is pronounced “SIH-lee-ay-ted.” This adjective describes something that has tiny hair-like projections called cilia.

Which is Ciliata?

The ciliates are a group of protozoans characterized by the presence of hair-like organelles called cilia, which are identical in structure to eukaryotic flagella, but are in general shorter and present in much larger numbers, with a different undulating pattern than flagella.

What do ciliates do?

Ciliates are single-celled organisms that, at some stage in their life cycle, possess cilia, short hairlike organelles used for locomotion and food gathering.

How does a ciliate move?

Ciliates use cilia for locomotion, similar to the way flagella are used in flagellates.

What does the word flagellum mean?

Definition of flagellum : any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or animals: such as. a : the slender distal part of an antenna. b : a long tapering process that projects singly or in groups from a cell and is the primary organ of motion of many microorganisms.

What is epithelium?

The term “epithelium” refers to layers of cells that line hollow organs and glands. It is also those cells that make up the outer surface of the body.

Which of the following is a example of class Ciliata?

Some of the ciliates include Stentor, Didinium), Balantidium, Colpoda, Coleps, Paramecium, Vorticella, Tetrahymena”, etc. Apart from having cilia on the cell surface, the ciliates can also be distinguished from other protozoans in having two different types of nuclei.

What are 3 facts about ciliates?

Ciliates are the largest (c.8,000 species) and the most complex of the Protozoans. They are found in both aquatic and terrestrial habitats and many are carnivorous. Ciliates have two nuclei (macronucleus and micronucleus) and a variety of organelles, such as a cystome (mouth).

Are ciliates heterotrophic or autotrophic?

Ciliates are heterotrophs, being either phagotrophs or osmotrophs.

What do Ciliophora include?

The ciliates (phylum Ciliophora) form a natural group distinguishable from other protozoa by a number of specialized features, including the possession of cilia, which are short hair-like processes, at some stage in their life cycle, the presence of two types of nuclei, and a unique form of sexual reproduction called …

Are Ciliophora unicellular or multicellular?

A subphylum of the Protozoa. The ciliates are a fairly homogeneous group of highly differentiated, unicellular organisms.

What is the medical definition of ciliata?

Medical Definition of Ciliata. : a large class of chiefly free-living protozoans that feed on complex organic matter, have cilia or cirri throughout the vegetative stages of the life cycle, and usually have nuclei of two kinds.

What is the scientific name for cilia?

Cil·i·a·ta. (sil’ē-ā’tă), Formerly considered a class of Protozoa the members of which bear cilia or structures derived from them, such as cirri or membranelles, but now placed within the phylum Ciliophora.

What are the characteristics of ciliates?

Some ciliates are mouthless and feed by absorption ( osmotrophy ), while others are predatory and feed on other protozoa and in particular on other ciliates. Some ciliates parasitize animals, although only one species, Balantidium coli, is known to cause disease in humans. Ciliates reproduce asexually, by various kinds of fission.

What is a Toona ciliata?

T. ciliata is commonly cultivated as an avenue tree in India ( Edmonds, 1995) and as an ornamental and wayside tree throughout much of tropical Africa and Asia ( Fenton et al., 1977 ). T. ciliata closely resembles the other four species of Toona, and both fruits and flowers are required for a certain identification ( Hua and Edmonds, 2008 ).