What is Sphingobacterium multivorum?

What is Sphingobacterium multivorum?

Sphingobacterium multivorum is a Gram-negative, nonfermentative bacillus that rarely causes disease in humans. In the medical literature, only a few cases of infections caused by this organism have been reported. Almost all the reported cases of this infection were associated with conditions that decrease immunity.

Where is Sphingobacterium found?

These microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature but are rarely involved in human infections. Sphingobacterium can be found in soil, on plants, in foodstuffs and in water sources [3].

What is Sphingobacterium Spiritivorum?

Sphingobacterium spiritivorum is a glucose non-fermenting Gram-negative rod, formerly classified as one of the Flavobacterium species. It is characterized by a large number of cellular membrane sphingophospholipids. Sphingobacterium species are ubiquitous and isolated from natural environments, such as soil and water.

Is Flavobacterium catalase positive?

A yellow-pigmented, oxidase-positive, catalase-negative, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic and non-motile bacterial strain designated K3R-10T was isolated from a freshwater source.

Where is Flavobacterium found?

Members of the genus Flavobacterium are distributed widely in nature and have been isolated from various habitats such as diseased fish, microbial mats, freshwater and river sediments, seawater and marine sediments, soil, glaciers, and Antarctic lakes.

Is Flavobacterium gram positive?

Flavobacterium species are nonfastidious, oxidase-positive, gram-negative rods that do not ferment glucose.

What causes Flavobacterium?

Etiology. Bacterial gill disease and columnaris are caused by aerobic, opportunistic bacteria of the genus Flavobacterium. Bacterial gill disease is caused by Flavobacterium branchiophilum. Columnaris infection is caused by Flavobacterium columnare (formerly Flexibacter columnare) (Noga, 2010).

How do you treat Flavobacterium?

Treatment. As Flavobacterium columnare is Gram-negative, fish can be treated with a combination of the antibiotics nitrofurazone and kanamycin administered together synergistically.