What causes a swollen Bartholin gland?

What causes a swollen Bartholin gland?

A Bartholin’s cyst develops when the duct exiting the Bartholin’s gland becomes blocked. The fluid produced by the gland then accumulates, causing the gland to swell and form a cyst. An abscess occurs when a cyst becomes infected. Bartholin’s abscesses can be caused by any of a number of bacteria.

What is the main cause of Bartholin cyst?

Experts believe that the cause of a Bartholin’s cyst is a backup of fluid. Fluid may accumulate when the opening of the gland (duct) becomes obstructed, perhaps caused by infection or injury. A Bartholin’s cyst can become infected, forming an abscess.

What does a ruptured Bartholin cyst look like?

Bartholin cysts will look like round bumps under the skin on the lips of your vagina (labia). They’re often painless. Some may become red, tender and swollen if an infection occurs. Other Bartholin cysts may look like they are filled with pus or fluid.

How long do Bartholin cysts last?

Don’t have sex while a Bartholin cyst is healing. If the cyst is infected, it may break open and start to heal on its own after 3 to 4 days. But if the cyst is painful, your doctor may drain it. You may also need to take antibiotics to treat the infection.

How do you treat a swollen Bartholin gland?


  1. Sitz baths. Soaking in a tub filled with a few inches of warm water (sitz bath) several times a day for three or four days may help a small, infected cyst to rupture and drain on its own.
  2. Surgical drainage. You may need surgery to drain a cyst that’s infected or very large.
  3. Antibiotics.
  4. Marsupialization.

What happens if a Bartholin cyst goes untreated?

Given time, an untreated cyst can become infected, leading to an accumulation of pus. This condition, a Bartholin abscess, can cause women great pain and requires treatment to eliminate the infection. If you suspect you suffer from a Bartholin cyst or abscess, it is important to seek medical guidance.

How long does it take for a Bartholin gland to heal?

If the Bartholin cyst is infected by bacteria, including sexually transmitted infections, antibiotics and painkillers would be required. After Bartholin cyst drainage, the doctor would recommend certain self-care measures to care for the wound and healing takes about 1 to 2 weeks.

Is Bartholin cyst caused by stress?

It is not known if stress can cause Bartholin cysts. The cause of Bartholin’s cysts can be bacterial infections, sexually transmitted infections or injury to the vaginal area.

Can you pop your own Bartholin cyst?

If a cyst drains or bursts on its own, this is OK. Keep the area clean and dry to minimize the spread of infection. Do not squeeze or drain a Bartholin cyst yourself as this can cause infection. Contact your healthcare provider if the cyst becomes painful, infected or lasts several weeks without signs of improvement.

Can a Bartholin cyst go away without bursting?

Some Bartholin gland cysts go away without treatment. You can take a nonprescription pain medicine such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin, for example) to relieve mild discomfort. To help healing, soak the area in a shallow, warm bath, or a sitz bath. This can help a cyst drain and heal on its own.

What can be mistaken for a Bartholin cyst?

Smooth muscle neoplasms of the vulva can be mistaken for Bartholin duct cysts, which can lead to a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of vulvar leiomyoma and a case of leiomyosarcoma that clinically mimicked Bartholin duct cysts.

Can Bartholin cyst go away by itself?

A Bartholin cyst develops when a blockage occurs in a Bartholin gland in the vagina. This blockage causes a lump that can cause irritation and pain during walking, sitting or sex. Bartholin cysts can resolve on their own over time. If it becomes infected, it may need treated by a healthcare provider.

Is a Bartholin cyst hard or soft?

Symptoms of a Bartholin’s cyst You may feel a soft, painless lump. This does not usually cause any problems. But if the cyst grows very large, it can become noticeable and uncomfortable. You may feel pain in the skin surrounding the vagina (vulva) when you walk, sit down or have sex.

What are the facts of the Bartholin glands?

Overview. The Bartholin’s glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening.

  • Symptoms. If you have a small,noninfected Bartholin’s cyst,you may not notice it.
  • Causes. Experts believe that the cause of a Bartholin’s cyst is a backup of fluid.
  • Complications. A Bartholin’s cyst or abscess may recur and again require treatment.
  • Prevention.
  • How to drain a Bartholin cyst yourself?

    Home treatment of Bartholin’s cysts and abscesses involves sitz baths, which promote drainage. Special sitz bath basins are available, but the simplest method is to sit in the bathtub in a few inches of warm water. The water should not be so hot as to burn the skin, but it should be fairly warm.

    How do I know if a Bartholin cyst is infected?

    Most of the time, Bartholin’s gland cysts are not infected. In some cases, they can be caused by an infection. Other times, they may become infected. Your doctor may want to check the fluid in the cyst. Most infected cysts (called abscesses) contain the normal bacteria (also called germs) that are found on your skin.

    How to burst a Bartholin cyst at home?

    Simply fill a tub with 3 to 4 inches of water (enough to cover your vulva), and gently sit. Do this several times a day for three or four days. The cyst may burst and drain on its own. If the Bartholin’s cyst is causing problems — or if it’s turned into an abscess — you’ll need to see your doctor.