Is HIFU a good treatment for prostate cancer?

Is HIFU a good treatment for prostate cancer?

HIFU destroys prostate cancer through the delivery of precise and focused sound waves to a targeted spot of diseased prostate tissue. This technology uses ultrasound energy, not radiation, to destroy the targeted tissue.

What is the treatment of localized prostate cancer?

Common treatment options for localized prostate cancer (watchful waiting, active surveillance, surgery to remove the prostate gland, radiation therapy, and hormone treatment)

How does High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound work?

HIFU uses an ultrasound transducer, similar to the ones used for diagnostic imaging, but with much higher energy. The transducer focuses sound waves to generate heat at a single point within the body and destroy the target tissue. The tissue can get as hot as 150 °F in just 20 seconds.

What are the side effects of the HIFU treatment for prostate cancer?

These include:

  • Erectile dysfunction, ejaculation problems, sexual impotence.
  • Urinary tract infections, incontinence, frequency, burning sensation, urinary retention.
  • Rectal wall injury, rectal incontinence, burning and bleeding from the probe.
  • Prostate infection.
  • Return of prostate cancer.

What is the success rate of HIFU for prostate cancer?

Results: HIFU overall success rate was 84% (biochemical relapses in only 4 patients out of 25). Success rate was represented as follows: 94.2% in the low risk group, 83.4% in the intermediate risk group and 0% in the high risk group.

How long does HIFU prostate treatment last?

Whole prostate HIFU treatment takes about 3 hours. HIFU to a smaller area takes 1 to 2 hours (focal).

What is localized prostate cancer?

Localised prostate cancer is cancer that is completely inside the prostate gland. It hasn’t spread outside of the prostate gland or to any other parts of the body. Doctors may also describe prostate cancer using the TNM stage and grade.

What is localized therapy?

Treatment that is directed to a specific organ or limited area of the body, such as the breast or an abnormal growth on the skin. Examples of local therapy used in cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, and topical therapy (medicine in a lotion or cream that is applied to the skin).

Is focused ultrasound Safe?

Focused ultrasound combines high-frequency (ultrasound) energy with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This procedure safely and accurately treats tissue deep within the body without the need for incisions.

How much does HIFU treatment cost?

HIFU vs. facelift

Invasive? Cost
HIFU Non-invasive; no incisions $1,707 on average
Surgical face lift Invasive procedure that requires incisions and sutures $7,562 on average

Does prostate cancer return after HIFU?

In the present study, HIFU resulted in local control rates of 82.6%, which is consistent with the results reported for the other therapeutic treatment modalities. Reportedly, the risk of progression after radical prostatectomy is about 20% (19) and the “trifecta” outcome can be achieved in 62% (20).

What are the disadvantages of HIFU?

The disadvantages of HIFU therapy include:

  • No long-term (20 – 30 years) outcome data available.
  • Quality of life issues include a potential risk of impotence and/or urinary incontinence.

What is HIFU treatment for prostate cancer?

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a medical procedure that uses ultrasound waves to treat prostate cancer. In the procedure, energy locally heats and destroys diseased tissue through ablation, which results in tissue destruction/scarring. Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/24/2017.

How successful is high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy for focal therapy?

Cox regression analysis was done to identify independent predictors of failure after focal therapy. Results: Of the 309 patients included in study 190 and 119 were treated with high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy, respectively. Median followup was 45 months.

Is high-intensity focused ultrasound right for You?

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the ablation (destruction) of prostate tissue. Who the best candidates are for HIFU is somewhat debated by urologists. HIFU can be considered: As an alternative option to monitoring (no treatment) for patients who have early stage prostate cancer.

What is failure in prostate cancer treatment?

Failure was defined as local or systemic salvage treatment, a positive biopsy Gleason score of 7 or greater in-field or out-of-field in nontreated patients, prostate cancer metastasis or prostate cancer specific death. Cox regression analysis was done to identify independent predictors of failure after focal therapy.