Why was the Valdivia earthquake so bad?

Why was the Valdivia earthquake so bad?

M 9.5 – 1960 Great Chilean Earthquake (Valdivia Earthquake) Severe damage from shaking occurred in the Valdivia-Puerto Montt area. Most of the casualties and much of the damage was because of large tsunamis which caused damage along the coast of Chile from Lebu to Puerto Aisen and in many areas of the Pacific Ocean.

What cities were affected by the Valdivia earthquake?

The epicenter of this megathrust earthquake was near Lumaco, approximately 570 kilometres (350 mi) south of Santiago, with Valdivia being the most affected city….1960 Valdivia earthquake.

Iquique Santiago Punta Arenas
UTC time 1960-05-22 19:11:14
Tsunami Up to 25 m (82 ft)
Landslides Yes
Casualties 1,000–6,000

What was the worst earthquake in South America?

Chile earthquake of 1960
Chile earthquake of 1960, the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Originating off the coast of southern Chile on May 22, 1960, the temblor caused substantial damage and loss of life both in that country and—as a result of the tsunamis that it generated—in distant Pacific coastal areas.

What fault line was the Valdivia earthquake on?

The 1960 Chile earthquake was caused by the Nazca plate releasing tension and descending 15 meters underneath the South American Plate. It happened 30.5 km off the Chilean coast….CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LARGEST EARTHQUAKE EVER RECOREDED.

Date: May 22nd, 1960
Depth: 55 meters below the sea surface
Plates Involved: Nazca Plate & S. American Plate

What was the response to the Valdivia earthquake?

including hospital, and medical aid. On 25 May the 15th Field Hospital, with thirty nurses from Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and the 7th Field Hospital, with thirty-one nurses from Fort Belvoir, Virginia, were airlifted to Chile to aid the victims.

When was the Valdivia earthquake?

May 22, 19601960 Valdivia earthquake / Start date

The earthquake that struck near Valdivia, Chile, in 1960 was the most powerful temblor in recorded history. The quake left about 2 million people homeless. On May 22, 1960, the most powerful earthquake in recorded history—magnitude 9.5—struck southern Chile.

How did the Valdivia earthquake affect the environment?

Sinking of the ground due to the earthquake, known as subsidence, produced local flooding in Chile. This permanently altered the shorelines of much of the area in Chile impacted by the earthquake, rendering all marine navigational charts of the affected areas obsolete.

Will San Andreas Fault happen?

Narrator: On average, the San Andreas Fault ruptures every 150 years. The southern parts of the fault have remained inactive for over 200 years. According to a 2008 federal report, the most likely scenario is a 7.8 magnitude quake that would rupture a 200-mile stretch along the southernmost part of the fault.