Who is macuilxochitl?
Macuilxochitzin (born c. 1435), also referred to in some texts as Macuilxochitl, was a poet (cuicanitl) during the peak years of the Aztec civilization. She was the daughter of Tlacaélael, a counselor to the Aztec kings and the niece of the Tlatoani warrior Axayacatl.
Who was macuilxochitl And how does she describe herself?
Macuilxochitl was a poetess and princess whose work is an important source about the Aztec state, warfare, and trade in the pre-Columbian era.
Who is the Aztec god of evil?
Tezcatlipoca (pronounced Tez-cah-tlee-poh-ka)’s name means “Smoking Mirror” and he is often represented as an evil power, associated with death and cold. Tezcatlipoca was the patron of the night, of the north, and in many aspects represented the opposite of his brother, Quetzalcoatl.
Is Aztlan a real place?
Some say Aztlan means “land of egrets,” “land of herons” or “land of whiteness” in the Nahuatl language, spoken throughout Mexico and related to Hopi, Comanche and Paiute. “It is a real place. Perhaps spurred by drought, they eventually moved into Mexico, he said.
How was xochipilli Worshipped?
A summer celebration called the Festival of Flowers took place every year in honor of Xochipilli and his twin sister Xochiquetzal. Dances were performed, poetry recited, and music played. During such festivities, worshippers drank Pulque and consumed mushrooms known as teonanácatl (“flesh of the gods”).
What is a pantheon Aztec?
The Aztecs would often adopt gods from different cultures and allow them to be worshiped as part of their pantheon. For example, the fertility god, Xipe Totec, was originally a god of the Yopi (the Nahuatl name of the Tlapanec people), but became an integrated part of the Aztec belief system.
Did the Aztecs wear human skin?
Xipe Totec was venerated by the Toltecs and Aztecs. As a symbol of the new vegetation, Xipe Totec wore the skin of a human victim—the “new skin” that covered the Earth in the spring. The Aztecs adopted his cult during the reign of Axayacatl (1469–81).
What is Aztlan for Chicanos?
Aztlán, the name of the legendary homeland of the Aztecs that covered the area of Mexico and the southwestern United States, was used as a name of political power, cultural renewal, and nationalism during the 1970s Chicano movement.
Who are the Meshika?
The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries. The Aztec have also referred to themselves as the Meshika or Mehika.