What did Gough Whitlam achieve?

What did Gough Whitlam achieve?

The Whitlam Government implemented a large number of new programmes and policy changes, including the termination of military conscription, institution of universal health care and free university education, and the implementation of legal aid programmes.

What did James Spigelman do for Australia?

Spigelman participated in and helped organise the 1965 Freedom Ride, a project undertaken by students to draw attention to problems faced by Indigenous communities in NSW. In 1969 he was President of the Students’ Representative Council.

Is James Spigelman a migrant?

A Polish immigrant, Mr Spigelman also served as Chairman of the ABC, finishing his five-year tenure in 2017. In 2013, he was appointed as a non-permanent judge on Hong Kong’s Court of Final Appeal and most recently served on the bench in March.

Is Gough Whitlam still alive?

Deceased (1916–2014)Gough Whitlam / Living or Deceased

When did James Spigelman move to Australia?

James Spigelman was born in Sosnowiec, Poland in 1 January 1946 and arrived in Australia with his family in 1949. He attended Maroubra Public School and Sydney Boys High School. He came to Sydney University in 1963. He was an extraordinary student.

Why was James Spigelman famous?

Throughout these years, James Spigelman was active in student life and community affairs. He was a leader in the legendary Freedom Ride in 1965 by students to highlight the deprivation and discrimination experienced by Aboriginal communities in NSW.

Why was Geoff Whitlam dismissed?

On 11 November 1975, the Governor-General sacked Whitlam for refusing to resign or to advise an election after failing to obtain Supply. Governor-General Kerr immediately commissioned Opposition leader Malcolm Fraser to form a caretaker government to secure Supply pending a general election.

Was Gough Whitlam the best Prime Minister?

Likewise, Humphrey McQueen considered Gough Whitlam to be both the fifth-best and the fourth-worst, describing him as a “curate’s egg”. Macintyre was the only respondent to award half-points, ranking Whitlam and Paul Keating as the equal fifth-best prime ministers.

What were the achievements of John Spigelman?

Marr claims that Spigelman’s achievements include the renewal of the ranks of the Supreme Court, running a polite and friendly Court, and modernising the Court’s business practices and rules. According to Bret Walker SC, Spigelman was renowned for “… showing his decided preference for efficient, better-value-for-money justice.”

What is Gough Whitlam known for?

Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC (/ˈɡɒf ˈwɪtləm/; 11 July 1916 – 21 October 2014) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975. The Leader of the Labor Party from 1967 to 1977, Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election.

What happened to Gough Whitlam in 1975?

Gough Whitlam at the launch of his 1972 campaign. Australia’s constitutional crisis of 1975: Prime Minister Gough Whitlam addresses reporters outside the Parliament building in Canberra after his dismissal by Australia’s Governor-General John Kerr. With his wife Margaret at 30th anniversary of his 1972 election.

How old is James Spigelman?

James Jacob Spigelman AC QC (born 1 January 1946) is a former Australian judge. He served as Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales from 19 May 1998 until 31 May 2011.