What was Satyagraha Class 10?

Satyagraha was a non-violent method of mass agitation against the oppressor. The method suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, there is no need for physical force to fight the oppressor. (i) Gandhiji used the Satyagraha technique successfully against injustice in South Africa.11

What is the longest hunger strike recorded?

She ended the fast on 9 August 2016, after 16 long years of fasting. Having refused food and water for more than 500 weeks (she was nasally force feed in jail), she has been called “the world’s longest hunger striker”.

Why did Gandhi return to India?

After over 21 years stay in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India on January 9, 1915 with his wife Kasturba. He had been in London the previous year to treat a severe bout of pleurisy, a lung inflammation. His doctors advised him to return to India to escape the English winter.3

How long did Gandhi not eat?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or The Father of the Nation in India, undertook 18 fasts during India’s freedom movement. His longest fasts lasted 21 days. Fasting was a weapon used by Gandhi as part of his philosophy of Ahinsa (non-violence) as well as satyagraha.

Where did Gandhi go in 1909?

London

What is Rowlatt Act class 10th?

The Rowlatt Act was passed by the British government to increase their grip on power over the common folk. This law was passed in March 1919 by the Imperial Legislative Council which gave them the power to arrest any person without any trial.

How many times did Gandhi fast?

Fasting came easy to Gandhi. He went on protest or ‘purification’ fasts 17 times in his life, say the ultimate trivia collectors, David Wallechinsky and Irving Wallace in The People’s Almanac.21

Why should we follow Gandhi?

Gandhiji’s political contributions offered us Independence but his ideologies enlightened India as well as the world even today after so many years. Every individual, thus, should follow the key Gandhian ideologies in their day to day life for a happy, prosperous, healthy, harmonious and sustainable future.

Why did Gandhi fast the first time?

Eight months later, Gandhi announced he was beginning a “fast unto death” in order to protest British support of a new Indian constitution, which gave the country’s lowest classes—known as “untouchables”—their own separate political representation for a period of 70 years.

What did Gandhi refuse to accept English in India?

Answer: In 1929, the British were still refusing to discuss Indian independence. Many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.8

Who persuaded Gandhi to come to India?

But few people know that the man instrumental in getting Gandhi back to India permanently was his political guru Gopal Krishna Gokhale. After the first meeting between Gokhale and Gandhi in 1896, the two spent more than a month together at the Calcutta Congress of 1901.6

How did Mahatma Gandhi gave freedom to India?

With the help of Congress, Gandhi ji convinced people for starting non-cooperation movement in a peaceful way which is key factor to attain independence. He framed the concept of Swaraj and it became a crucial element in the Indian freedom struggle.2

What good things did Gandhi do?

He served as a lawyer, politician, and activist in the struggle for social justice and for India’s independence from British rule. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.

How many times Gandhi nominated for Nobel Prize?

Mahatama Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times but was never bestowed with the honour.19

How Satyagraha means a lot in your life?

Large-scale usage of satyagraha Appreciate the other laws of the State and obey them voluntarily. Tolerate these laws, even when they are inconvenient. Be willing to undergo suffering, loss of property, and to endure the suffering that might be inflicted on family and friends.

What is the goal of Satyagraha?

According to Gandhi, the main objective of Satyagraha was to eradicate the evil or to reform the opponent. In the present socio-economic political system, there is a dire necessity to wean the individual away from the influence of wealth, luxuries and power.

Can you not eat for 21 days?

These studies have uncovered several observations about starvation: An article in Archiv Fur Kriminologie states the body can survive for 8 to 21 days without food and water and up to two months if there’s access to an adequate water intake. Modern-day hunger strikes have provided insight into starvation.

Who is India’s great man?

Top ten nominees

Rank Name State
1 B. R. Ambedkar (1891–1956) Maharashtra
2 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931–2015) Tamil Nadu
3 Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950) Gujarat
4 Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) Uttar Pradesh

What is Satyagraha answer?

Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is the idea of non-violent resistance (fighting with peace) started by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (also known as “Mahatma” Gandhi). Gandhi used satyagraha in the Indian independence movement and also during his earlier struggle in South Africa.

What is the longest fast in history?

Record. In the 1971 edition of The Guinness Book of Records, Barbieri’s 382-day fast was recognized as the longest recorded. In 1973, Dennis Galer Goodwin went on a hunger strike for 385 days, but he was force-fed during this period.