What is Dysfluent speech mean?
Dysfluent speech is the disruption of the forward flow and timing of speech by repetition of sounds, syllables or words, sound prolongation and/or blocking on sounds, silent or audible, (Bloodstein and Bernstein Ratner 2008).
What causes speech Dysfluency?
A stroke, traumatic brain injury, or other brain disorders can cause speech that is slow or has pauses or repeated sounds (neurogenic stuttering). Speech fluency can also be disrupted in the context of emotional distress. Speakers who do not stutter may experience dysfluency when they are nervous or feeling pressured.
What are the 3 types of stuttering?
The 3 types of stuttering are developmental stuttering, neurogenic stuttering, and psychogenic stuttering. The exact cause of stuttering is unknown.
What is cognitive disfluency?
As counterpart of fluency, the concept of disfluency refers to the metacognitive experience of ease or difficulty associated with completing a mental task. If task completion is perceived as easy or fluent, one often uses heuristics and intuitions to process information.
What is a Disfluent reader?
Readers who are disfluent struggle with one or more of the three fluency indicators. For example, the reader may struggle to accurately decode words, resulting in long pauses or attempts at sounding out the word. In other instances reading may be punctuated by many stops, starts, and repeats of what was just read.
What’s the definition of cluttering?
transitive verb. : to fill or cover with scattered or disordered things that impede movement or reduce effectiveness a room cluttered with toys —often used with up Too many signs were cluttering up the street corner. clutter. noun.
What are typical disfluencies?
Fluency refers to continuity, smoothness, rate, and effort in speech production. All speakers are disfluent at times. They may hesitate when speaking, use fillers (“like” or “uh”), or repeat a word or phrase. These are called typical disfluencies or nonfluencies.
How do you describe stuttering?
Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by repetition of sounds, syllables, or words; prolongation of sounds; and interruptions in speech known as blocks. An individual who stutters exactly knows what he or she would like to say but has trouble producing a normal flow of speech.
What is the reason of stuttering?
Researchers currently believe that stuttering is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, language development, environment, as well as brain structure and function. Working together, these factors can influence the speech of a person who stutters.