What are the stages of systemic lupus?
Class I: Minimal mesangial lupus nephritis. Class II: Mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis. Class III: Focal lupus nephritis (active and chronic, proliferative and sclerosing) Class IV: Diffuse lupus nephritis (active and chronic, proliferative and sclerosing, segmental and global)
Is systemic lupus a terminal?
With close follow-up and treatment, 80-90% of people with lupus can expect to live a normal life span. It is true that medical science has not yet developed a method for curing lupus, and some people do die from the disease. However, for the majority of people living with the disease today, it will not be fatal.
What is the rarest form of lupus?
Rare cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is an autoimmune disease that denotes a heterogeneous spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting the skin and can be divided into 4 categories: acute CLE (ACLE); subacute CLE (SCLE); chronic CLE (CCLE; the most diverse form); and intermittent CLE (ICLE).
What is the end result of lupus?
In severe cases, organs damage and failure can occur. Over 90 percent of people with lupus are women between the ages of 15 and 45. Historically, lupus caused people to die young, primarily from kidney failure. Today, with careful treatment, 80 to 90 percent of people with lupus can expect to live a normal lifespan.
Does lupus progressively get worse?
Lupus may cause symptoms that are subtle at first but get progressively worse. The symptoms may also appear suddenly or gradually.
What is systemic lupus?
Human autoimmune disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body. Symptoms vary between people and may be mild to severe.
What is lupus and how is it treated?
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that triggers inflammation in different tissues of the body. Autoimmune diseases happen when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. The most common type of lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which affects different parts of the body including internal organs.
What are the CNS manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)?
Other CNS manifestations include aseptic meningitis, demyelinating syndrome including optic neuritis and myelitis, movement disorders such as chorea and cognitive dysfunction. Patients with SLE are also at high risk for ischemic strokes.
How should patients with systemic lupus erythematosus be managed?
Premature death is common from a variety of causes. To reduce morbidity and mortality, an interprofessional team should educate and manage patients with SLE. The primary care provider and nurse practitioner should educate the patient on avoiding triggers that cause flare-ups.