Is Spodoptera Litura Polyphagous?

Is Spodoptera Litura Polyphagous?

Background: The tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (F.), is one of the most destructive polyphagous pests worldwide.

What is the scientific name of tobacco caterpillar?

Tobacco Caterpillar: Spodoptera litura. Symptoms of damage: The young larvae first feed gregariously and scrape the leaves. Older larvae spread out and may completely devour the leaves resulting in poor growth of plants.

What does Spodoptera Litura eat?

litura cause severe damage to their hosts by their vicious eating habits as larvae. Some common host plants include but are not limited to: tobacco, cotton, soybean, beet, cabbage, and chickpeas.

How do you identify Spodoptera Litura?

Identification Characteristics: Adult moths measure between 15-20 mm (0.59-0.79 inches) in length and have a wingspan of 30-38 mm (1.18-1.5 inches). Forewings are gray to reddish-brown, with a complex pattern of creamy streaks and paler lines along the veins. Hind wings are grayish-white with grayish-brown margins.

Which crop is affected by tobacco caterpillar?

The tobacco caterpillar is a polyphagous insect pest. It is an important pest of potato, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, peas and cowpea. The larvae cause direct damage to crops.

What is the common name of Spodoptera Litura?

Data Quality Indicators:

Family Noctuidae Latreille, 1809 – cutworms, dagger moths, noctuid moths, owlet moths, underwings, noctuelles, noctuidés, phalènes, vers gris
Subfamily Noctuinae Latreille, 1809
Tribe Prodeniini Forbes, 1954
Genus Spodoptera Guenée, 1852
Species Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775)

What is a tobacco caterpillar?

Tobacco hornworms are considered pests because they feed on the upper leaves of tobacco plants and leave green or black droppings on the plants. As adults, they do not damage plants since they feed on nectar. Tobacco hornworm larvae prefer humid environments.

What is the scientific name of whitefly?

AleyrodidaeWhiteflies / Scientific name

scientific name: Dialeurodes citri (Ashmead) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Why are tobacco hornworms called that?

Hornworms are caterpillars in the Sphingidae tribe, so named because of their worm-like body and the appearance of a short, pointed horn at their posterior. The tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta) is a parasite of plants like eggplant, tobacco, pepper, tomato, and numerous weeds.

What are the characteristics of whiteflies?

Whitefly adults resemble small moths and the body and wings are covered in a powdery white wax. Nymphs (or larvae) are a flattened oval shape, and look more like a scale insect.

Are white flies an invasive species?

The silverleaf whitefly is considered an invasive species in the United States as well as Australia, Africa, and several European countries. It was classified as an agricultural pest in Greece around 1889 and had a significant impact on tobacco crops there.

What is Spodoptera littoralis?

Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries. It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops.

What is Spodoptera littoralis nucleopolyhedrovirus equivalent?

Spodoptera littoralis nucleopolyhedrovirus, ICTV accepted 1) acronym: SlNPV equivalent: SlMNPV Spodoptera littoralis NPV Spodoptera littoralis multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus

What is the difference between cotton leafworm and Spodoptera litura?

For example, Spodoptera litura or cotton leafworm is often confused with S. littoralis, since the larvae and adult stages of two species are near identical. However, Viette demonstrated that these are two different species, as S. litura was found to mostly reside in Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.

Is Prodenia littoralis the same as Prodenia litura?

For about 60 years, the Egyptian cotton leafworm was known as Prodenia litura. However, Viette (1962) demonstrated that S. littoralis is a species separate from S. litura. Some authors mistakenly continue to regard the allopatric Old World cotton leafworm species S. littoralis and S. litura as the same species.