Is Moraxella bovis Gram positive or negative?
Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is the most costly eye disease of cattle. The principal etiologic agent of IBK is the Gram-negative bacterium Moraxella bovis.
What causes Moraxella bovis?
Mycoplasma spp., Acholeplasma, Chlamydia, bovine herpesvirus I (IBR) and bovine adenovirus are among the microbial agents suspected to predispose cattle to Moraxella colonization or to add to the severity of IBK. Mycoplasma bovis can cause eye infections resembling those seen with Moraxella bovis as well.
How does Mycobacterium bovis cause disease?
People are most commonly infected with M. bovis by eating or drinking contaminated, unpasteurized dairy products. The pasteurization process, which destroys disease-causing organisms in milk by rapidly heating and then cooling the milk, eliminates M. bovis from milk products.
Is Moraxella bovis oxidase-positive?
They are strictly aerobic, oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, DNAse-positive and asaccharolytic. Moraxella catarrhalis is now recognized as an important cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in children and adults.
How do you treat Moraxella bovis?
Moraxella bovis are susceptible to several anti-infectives In addition, local treatments (ointments, eye patches, surgical third eyelid flap) may be helpful.
What is Moraxella bovis?
Moraxella bovis, the cause of IBK (i.e., pinkeye), is the most important bacterial disease of the conjunctiva and cornea in cattle. The organisms and IBK will be discussed in the section on the cornea.
What is Moraxella bovoculi Bacterin for veterinary use?
This page contains information on Moraxella bovoculi Bacterin for veterinary use. This vaccine contains formalin inactivated isolates of Moraxella bovoculi. This product is for use in healthy cattle 14 weeks of age or older against pinkeye (infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis).
What is the most clinically important Moraxella species?
Of these species the most clinically important areMoraxella catarrhalis, M. lacunata, M. nonliquefaciens, M. osloensis, M. atlantae, and M. phenylpyruvica. Some strains are unique to animals such asM. bovis, M. canis, M. caprae.
Is Moraxella canis Gram positive or negative?
Moraxella canis It is a bacterium that, like others of the genus Moraxella, is gram negative, catalase and oxidase positive. It is found fundamentally as part of the normal microbiota of the oral cavity of dogs. This bacterium grows very well on blood agar and chocolate agar.