What was the cultural significance of the ukiyo-e prints?
Ukiyo-e were used to help children with their reading and to learn the names of birds and flowers. After Japan reopened its doors to the world after the Meiji Restoration in 1868, ukiyo-e prints showing the alphabet and basic English vocabulary also made an appearance.
What is the time period in history of ukiyo-e prints?
Historical Background The Japanese art of Ukiyo-e developed in the city of Edo (now Tokyo) during the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1615-1868). These two names refer to the relatively peaceful 250 years during which the Tokugawa shoguns ruled Japan and made Edo the shogunal seat of power.
When did ukiyo-e prints become popular?
The ukiyo-e style was developed in 1765 and remained popular until the closing decades of the Meiji period (1868 – 1912). While only the wealthy could afford paintings by the artists of the day, ukiyo-e prints were enjoyed by a wide audience because they could be produced quite cheaply and in large numbers.
What are three major subjects depicted in ukiyo-e prints?
Typical subjects were female beauties (“bijin-ga”), kabuki actors (“yakusha-e”), and landscapes. The women depicted were most often courtesans and geisha at leisure, and promoted the entertainments to be found in the pleasure districts.
What purpose did the woodblock prints serve?
Woodblock prints were initially used as early as the eighth century in Japan to disseminate texts, especially Buddhist scriptures. The designer and painter Tawaraya Sōtatsu (died ca. 1640) used wood stamps in the early seventeenth century to print designs on paper and silk.
Who was the intended audience of ukiyo-e prints and what types of subjects did they depict?
Ukiyo-e art was aimed at the common townspeople at the bottom of the social scale, especially of the administrative capital of Edo. Its audience, themes, aesthetics, and mass-produced nature kept it from consideration as serious art.
When did woodblock printing start?
Woodblock printing has made tremendous contributions to the spread of knowledge, insight and artistic inspiration. The earliest woodblock printed illustration extant today was made in the year 868, at the time of the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907).
What is the history of woodblock printing in Japan?
Where did woodblock printing originated?
Woodblock printing or block printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. As a method of printing on cloth, the earliest surviving examples from China date to before 220 AD.
Who started ukiyo-e?
Hishikawa Moronobu, the pioneer of ukiyo-e, created many one-piece ukiyo-e drawing done by hand in the early years of ukiyo-e. The followers who admired his style created the Hishikawa School.