What is the oldest castle in the world?

the Citadel of Aleppo

Why was civil war so deadly?

One reason why the Civil War was so lethal was the introduction of improved weaponry. Cone-shaped bullets replaced musket balls, and beginning in 1862, smooth-bore muskets were replaced with rifles with grooved barrels, which imparted spin on a bullet and allowed a soldier to hit a target a quarter of a mile away.

What disease killed most Civil War soldiers?

dysentery

What were doctors called in the Civil War?

Yet, for the most part, the Civil War doctor (as understaffed, underqualified, and under-supplied as he was) did the best he could, muddling through the so-called “medical middle ages.” Some 10,000 surgeons served in the Union army and about 4,000 served in the Confederate.

How long did a siege last?

40 days

What is inside a castle?

A castles was much more than just a fortress. Inside the castle walls there might have been a magnificent hall, comfortable chambers and a beautiful chapel. Larger castles had their own fish ponds, orchards and vineyards, as well as gardens which supplied vegetables and herbs.

Are sieges illegal?

The use of sieges as a tactic of war is not prohibited under IHL if directed solely at a military objective and is in conformity with all relevant IHL rules.

Were antibiotics used in the Civil War?

The state of medical knowledge at the time of the Civil War was extremely primitive. Doctors did not understand infection, and did little to prevent it. No antibiotics were available, and minor wounds could easily become infected, and hence fatal. …

How did they treat wounds in the Civil War?

The vast majority of wounds documented during the Civil War were caused by the Minié ball, while the rest were from grapeshot, canister or other exploding shells. But if the bone was badly damaged, Civil War surgeons quickly learned that the best chance of survival was through the use of amputation.

Why did people continue to use public baths once the Black Death Hand entered their town village?

Why did people continue to use public baths once the Black Death hand entered their town/ village? They had no understanding of how diseases spread as germs had not been discovered. People thought that washing more frequently would get rid of the disease.

What were medieval sieges like?

Early medieval sieges were generally directed against towns or major cities, which were often fortified, rather than at individual castles. Until about 1100, tactics mainly consisted of using firepower to break through the castle’s physical defenses or of starving out the defenders by blockade.

What it was like to live in a castle?

What was it like living in a castle? Even when it wasn’t under attack, living in a castle was hectic, noisy and they were often packed full of people. Castles were large, dark, draughty and cold. Windows were often small, with wooden shutters or (if the nobleman could afford it), leadlight glass-panes….

Why are castles so big?

made of stone so they lasted longer. Stone would not rot so the castles were a lot stronger than wooden ones. because stone is strong, it is possible to build up so that you have a height advantage and can see for miles. also the walls can be made very thick therefore making them very strong….

How did they keep warm in castles?

Thick stone walls, tiny unglazed windows and inefficient open fires made the classic castle something of a challenge to keep warm. By heating the stones as well as the chamber, and directing the smoke away from the room, these fireplaces made life in a medieval castle a considerably more comfortable affair….

What medicine was used in the Civil War?

Medications that were helpful included quinine for malaria, morphine, chloroform, and ether, as well as paregoric. Many others were harmful. Fowler’s solution was used to treat fevers and contained arsenic. Calomel (mercurous chloride) was used for diarrhea.

Is laying siege a war crime?

Current international humanitarian law (IHL) — the law of armed conflict — makes clear that the deliberate starvation of the civilian population as a tactic of war is prohibited and a prosecutable war crime….

What did they do with dead bodies in the Civil War?

The burial parties put the bodies in shallow graves or trenches near where they fell — sometimes Union and Confederate soldiers together. Curtin went on to fund the creation of a special cemetery for the civil war dead, and also to recover and rebury the remains on the battlefield….

Is Civil War dead?

For 110 years, the numbers stood as gospel: 618,222 men died in the Civil War, 360,222 from the North and 258,000 from the South — by far the greatest toll of any war in American history….

What was the longest siege of the Civil War?

In 1864, Petersburg, Virginia became the setting for one of the last great campaigns of the American Civil War (1861-1865) and the longest siege in American History. After his failure to capture Richmond in the Spring, General Ulysses S.

What was the longest siege in history?

Siege of Candia 1648

Were Castles clean or dirty?

Castles were very difficult to keep clean. There was no running water, so even simple washing tasks meant carrying a lot of bucketfuls of water from a well or stream. Few people had the luxury of being able to bathe regularly; the community was generally more tolerant of smells and dirt….