How do you explain stem changing verbs in Spanish?

How do you explain stem changing verbs in Spanish?

As the name suggests, stem changing verbs in Spanish are verbs that when conjugated in the simple present tense, undergo a vowel change in the last syllable of the stem.

How do you know if a verb is E to IE or E to I?

With regular verbs, the stem stays the same, and the ending changes as they are conjugated. With the second group of stem-changing verbs, the letter e in the stem changes to ie in all forms except the nosotros and vosotros.

How do you know if something is a stem changing verb?

The stem of the verb is what remains when you remove the – ar, ‐ er, or – ir ending from the infinitive form of the verb. Because it is the stem of the verb that changes, these verbs are called stem‐changing verbs or stem‐changers.

What are the 3 stem changing verbs in Spanish?

Stem Changing Verbs There are three groups of stem changes in the present: o > ue, e > ie, and e > i.

Why are irregular verbs important in Spanish?

Irregular verbs like ser, ir, hacer, haber, poder, and tener are actually some of the most commonly used verbs, meaning that Spanish learners gain valuable exposure to their inflected forms often and can usually memorize the irregularities quickly.

Does entender stem change?

The Spanish verb entender (to understand) is a semi regular stem-changing verb in El Presente in Spanish.

How do you remember stem changing verbs in Spanish?


  1. Pensar | to think. Breakdown: Pens – ar.
  2. Preferir | to prefer. Stem change: prefer -> prefier. Note that the stem changes in the same way no matter whether the verb ends in ar, er, or ir.
  3. Entender | to understand. Stem change: entend -> entiend. Entender conjugation.
  4. Empezar | to start. Stem change: empez -> empiez.

What are some examples of stem changing verbs in Spanish?

Examples of common verbs in Spanish that have the e > ie stem change are:

  • Cerrar (to close)
  • Comenzar (to start/begin)
  • Empezar (to start/begin)
  • Entender (to understand)
  • Pensar (to think)
  • Perder (to lose)
  • Preferir (to prefer)
  • Querer (to want/love)