How do you cite an unknown source?

Unknown Author: If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.

How do you cite a source in an essay with no author?

When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it’s a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it’s a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number if it is available.

How do you reference an Internet source in APA format?

4:44Suggested clip 96 secondsHow To Reference – Harvard Style Referencing Guide | Swinburne …YouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clip

What information should be referenced?

What Information Should Be Cited and Why?Discuss, summarize, or paraphrase the ideas of an author.Provide a direct quotation.Use statistical or other data.Use images, graphics, videos, and other media.

How do you properly write references?

Book: printAuthor/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) Title (this should be in italics)Series title and number (if part of a series)Edition (if not the first edition)Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)Publisher.Year of publication.

What is an example of a professional reference?

A professional reference is typically a current or former employer, colleague, client, vendor, supervisor or someone else who has first-hand knowledge and can recommend you for employment.

What is character reference examples?

Here are a few examples of people who make great character references:Coworker.Co-volunteer or volunteer leader.Coach.Client or customer.Vendor or business acquaintance.Professor or academic advisor.Personal or professional mentor.Fellow student or graduate from an educational program.

What do I write in a professional reference?

Printed Letter FormatStart with your name, title, company, address, phone, and email information.Follow with the date and the hiring manager’s name, title, company, and address.Begin your letter with a salutation, followed by the body of your letter.

Can you use a friend as a personal reference?

Business acquaintances, teachers, professors or academic advisors, volunteer leaders, religious workers, friends, coaches, and neighbors are all potential personal references. If possible, don’t choose someone who you’ve only had limited or casual interactions with.

Who should you put for personal references?

Personal references are commonly provided by teachers, lecturers, group or club leaders, neighbours, friends and family members. Those providing the reference should know you well and be able to give examples that back up statements about your character.

Can I use a family member as a reference?

Family members Hiring managers generally assume your parents can’t give an objective view of your work history or how you’ll behave as an employee, so don’t put them down as references. Your family’s opinion will always be biased.”

Can you fake a reference?

Fake references are illegal – if you’re caught. Directly lying is incredibly unethical, and if caught, you could be fired or face legal trouble. Companies rarely sue for lying, but the people you named on your reference list have every right to.

Who can I use as a reference if you’ve never worked?

Here’s who to include instead:Your Favorite Professor. Depending on how big your graduating class was, you may have a few professors you can think to ask, or you may have just one. The Family Member or Friend You’ve Done Work For. An Older Student You Shared a Class With. A Leader From Your Past.

What if you can’t use your boss as a reference?

What to do if a former employer won’t give you a referenceLean on your other references. If you’re worried that one of your previous employers may provide a bad reference, you can rest assured that your other sterling references should assuage any worries your prospective hiring manager has. Get a reference from someone else within the company. Be honest and unemotional.

How do you get a job if you don’t have references?

If you do not have any professional references, offer to provide twice as many personal references if you can. A personal reference can be from someone who knows you, but has never worked with you in a professional environment. For example, they could be a friend, a classmate, a teammate, a coach, a teacher, etc.

What to say when you don’t want to give a reference?

Keep it Short and Simple. If you don’t know the person well, or what you do know makes you hesitant to risk your reputation by offering a recommendation, let him or her down easy, but keep it brief. Offer to Help in Other Ways. Be Honest. Tell a White Lie. Focus on the Positive.