Does California use grand juries?
Every year, in each of California’s 58 counties, a group of ordinary citizens takes an oath to serve as grand jurors. Its function is to investigate the operations of the various officers, departments and agencies of local government.
How do you become a grand juror in California?
In order to be eligible for grand jury service, a person must meet the following requirements:
- S/he must be a U.S. citizen;
- S/he must be 18 or older;
- S/he must have been a resident of the state and of the county for one (1) year immediately prior to being selected as a juror;
Why did I get a grand jury summons?
The US courts handbook says they “are drawn at random from lists of registered voters, lists of actual voters, or other sources as necessary”. Jury members may be called for duty for months at a time, but need only appear in court for a few days out of every month.
How long do grand jurors serve?
While a trial jury will sit for only the duration of a criminal case, a grand jury is impaneled for a much longer period: a federal grand jury can sit for anywhere from 18-36 months, while state grand juries can sit for varying terms ranging from one month to one year.
How long is grand jury duty in California?
30 calendar days
The Criminal Grand Jury consists of 23 members and a designated number of alternates. It is impaneled monthly and the term of service is typically 30 calendar days unless otherwise required by the District Attorney’s Office.
Who sits on grand jury?
First and foremost, a grand jury proceeding is unique in that it is conducted in complete secrecy. The only people present in the room during a grand jury proceeding are the jurors themselves, a prosecutor, and a court reporter, who is sworn to secrecy. There are no judges, clerks, or other court personnel present.
How are grand jurors chosen?
Federal law requires that a grand jury be selected at random from a fair cross section of the community in the district or division in which the federal grand jury convenes. Thus, all citizens have an equal opportunity and obligation to serve.