What is meant by thermoplastic material?

What is meant by thermoplastic material?

A thermoplastic is a type of plastic made up of polymer resins that becomes a soft material when it is heated and becomes hard when it is cooled. When thermoplastics are heated their physical property changes and they become a homogenized liquid and can be reshaped and resized.

What is thermoplastic and examples?

A thermoplastic is any plastic material which melts into a soft, pliable form above a certain temperature and solidifies upon cooling. Common examples of thermoplastics include acrylic, polyester, polypropylene, polystyrene, nylon and Teflon.

Which is thermoplastic material answer?

The correct answer is PVC. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is considered as a thermoplastic. A thermoplastic is a substance that becomes softer when heated and hard when cooled, typically a plastic polymer. PVC is also replacing conventional construction materials such as wood, concrete, rubber, ceramics, etc.

What are thermoplastics used for?

Description: A thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications. Used in: Everything from reusable plastic containers, diapers, ropes, carpets, sanitary pads, piping systems, car batteries, electrical cable insulation and filters for gases and liquids.

What is the main properties of thermoplastics?

Characteristics of Thermoplastic Thermoplastics are generally high molecular weight polymers. The chains in the polymer are associated with the intermolecular forces. The intermolecular force acting between the chains becomes weak on increasing temperature and yields a liquid with high viscosity.

What is the meaning of thermoplastic Fibre?

Thermoplastic fibres are man-made fibres, created by extruding polymer materials through spinnerets, forming a filament. Melt spinning is the most commonly used process. improvement of their properties to match and even surpass the ones of conventional materials.

What is thermoplastic material and its properties?

A thermoplastic, or thermosoft plastic, is a plastic polymer material that becomes pliable or moldable at a certain elevated temperature and solidifies upon cooling. Most thermoplastics have a high molecular weight.

How are thermoset plastics made?

Thermoset is a plastic polymer that starts out as a soft solid or viscous liquid. It becomes irreversibly hardened when cured due to heating, subjected to high pressure (also inducing heat), or mixed with a catalyst. These processes cause a chemical change that “Set” a permanent chemical bond.

What are thermoplastics Class 8?

Thermoplastic: Plastics which can be easily bent or deform on heating are known as thermoplastic. PVC and Polythene are the examples of thermoplastics. Thermosetting plastic: Plastics which do not get deformed or softened on heating when mold once, are called thermosetting plastics.

What is thermosetting and thermoplastic?

Introduction—Thermoset vs Thermoplastic The primary difference between the two is that Thermoset is a material that strengthens when heated, but cannot be remolded or heated after the initial forming, while thermoplastics can be reheated, remolded, and cooled as necessary without causing any chemical changes.

What are the advantages of thermoplastic?

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Thermoplastics

  • Energy efficient processing.
  • Broad range of beneficial properties.
  • High volume manufacturing with excellent precision at lower cost.
  • Various types can replace metals with a considerable weight-saving advantages.
  • Higher fatigue resistance than most metals.

What are properties of thermoplastics?


Thermoplastic Strengths and weaknesses Working properties
Low density polythene – used in plastic bags, toys and gas pipes Lightweight, resistant to chemicals, cheap to produce and translucent – but has low stiffness Tough, good resistance to chemicals, flexible, fairly soft, good electrical insulator