What is found at the transpyloric plane?
hepatic flexure of the colon. splenic flexure of the colon. fundus of the gallbladder. neck of the pancreas.
What organs lie in the transpyloric plane?
The structures traditionally thought of as lying in the transpyloric plane include:
- pylorus of the stomach.
- D1 part of the duodenum.
- duodeno-jejunal flexure.
- root of the transverse mesocolon.
- hepatic flexure of the colon.
- splenic flexure of the colon.
- fundus of the gallbladder.
- neck of the pancreas.
Why is it called transpyloric plane?
The transpyloric plane (also called the transpyloric line) is one of the surface reference lines used in surface anatomy. This plane also passes through the origin of the superior mesenteric artery, the body of the gallbladder, and of course through the pylorus of the stomach, from whence the name of this plane arises.
Is transpyloric plane the same as subcostal plane?
Transpyloric plane. The subcostal plane is a transverse plane which bisects the body at the level of the 10th costal margin and the vertebra body L3.
Which part of duodenum is on transpyloric plane?
The horizontal part of the duodenum slopes upwards to the left of the vertical midline, following which the vertical ascending part of the duodenum reaches the transpyloric plane. It ends in the duodenojejunal junction, which lies approximately 2.5 cm to the left of the midline and just below the transpyloric plane.
What is peritoneal lining?
Anatomical terminology. The peritoneum is the serous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids. It covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs, and is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue.
Which part of the duodenum lies on transpyloric plane?
What does Subcostal plane mean?
n. A horizontal plane passing through the lower limits of the tenth costal cartilages, marking the boundary between the hypochondriac and epigastric regions and between the lateral and umbilical regions.
Where is Subcostal?
The subcostal muscle has variable anatomy and forms part of the intercostal muscle group. It lies on the deep surface of the innermost intercostal muscle in the posterior chest, near the angles of the ribs, usually running over 2-3 intercostal spaces.