Can you be allergic to benzalkonium chloride?
What is benzalkonium chloride contact dermatitis? When benzalkonium chloride comes into contact with the skin, it can cause irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis in some individuals. Benzalkonium chloride is a well-known irritant .
Does benzalkonium chloride have side effects?
Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Is benzalkonium chloride safe on skin?
This cosmetic ingredient is not a sensitizer to normal humans at concentrations of 0.1%, but may be to individuals with diseased skin. It is concluded that Benzalkonium Chloride can be safely used as an antimicrobial agent at concentrations up to 0.1%.
What are the side effects of benzethonium chloride?
Benzethonium chloride topical side effects Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Common side effects may include burning or stinging when the medicine is applied.
What percentage of patients have a sensitivity to benzalkonium chloride?
Preservative hypersensitivity was detected in 41.1% of patients. Allergens with the highest positive test rates were benzalkonium chloride (12.1%), thimerosal (9.9%) and methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) (5.5%).
Is benzalkonium chloride toxic?
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) exerts toxic effects on microorganisms. This property has been utilized in the cosmetic industry and medicine, where it is used as effective germicide and preservative agents. Various BAC-containing preparations used by people may induce a number of adverse effects on the human body.
Is benzalkonium chloride toxic to humans?
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a widely used disinfectant/preservative, and respiratory exposure to this compound has been reported to be highly toxic.
Is benzethonium chloride bad for your skin?
In clinical studies, Benzethonium Chloride produced mild skin irritation at 5 percent but not at lower concentration. Neither ingredient is considered to be a sensitizer. It is concluded that both compounds are safe at concentrations of 0.5 percent in cosmetics applied to the skin.
Is benzalkonium chloride 0.13% safe for humans?
Benzalkonium chloride formulations for consumer use are dilute solutions. Concentrated solutions are toxic to humans, causing corrosion/irritation to the skin and mucosa, and death if taken internally in sufficient volumes.
Is benzalkonium chloride a steroid?
Benzalkonium chloride (BAC) is a bactericidal preservative excipient commonly found in steroid nasal sprays used to treat allergic rhinitis and nasal polyposis.
How much benzalkonium chloride is toxic?
Repeated dose oral toxicity studies have shown that within 2 days of dosing benzalkonium chloride is lethal in mice and rats at concentrations of approximately 500 mg/kg/day (dietary administration) and above due to local effects in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Is benzalkonium chloride safe to put in nose?
Most decongestant sprays contain the preservative benzalkonium chloride (BKC), which causes toxic reactions in the nose, eyes, ears, and lungs, and may exacerbate the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
Does benzalkonium chloride cause allergy?
It is far more common to be allergic to the medication’s preservative, which is called benzalkonium chloride. An allergic reaction to the preservative may include a red, irritated, or itchy eye. Sometimes allergic reactions cause tearing or eyelid swelling.
What are the dangers of allergic reactions?
The person’s airways narrow and their throat swells, which can make it hard to breathe. Their blood vessels widen, making their blood pressure fall, sometimes to dangerous levels. Anaphylactic reactions usually happen fast. Symptoms often become the most serious within 3 to 30 minutes of exposure to the allergy trigger.
Can ibuprofen cause an allergic reaction?
If you have an aspirin allergy or sensitivity, you may also have a reaction to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). An aspirin allergy or sensitivity, or a reaction to NSAIDs, can cause symptoms that range from mild to severe.
Can an allergic reaction be contagious?
Most skin allergies are not contagious. This is because allergic reactions are caused by the unique response of each individual’s immune system. Substances that cause a reaction in one person may not cause a reaction in someone else, even if both people have the same skin condition.