What is the treatment for hemolytic transfusion reaction?
Acute hemolytic reactions (antibody mediated) are managed as follows: Immediately discontinue the transfusion while maintaining venous access for emergency management. Anticipate hypotension, renal failure, and DIC.
How do you treat a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction?
Symptomatic patients experiencing DHTR can be immediately treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), adding erythropoietin (EPO) if the DHTR is also associated with reticulocytopenia. Prophylactic anticoagulation is administered to lower the risk of thrombosis associated with EPO administration.
What medication is given for blood transfusion reaction?
Premedication with acetaminophen and diphenhydramine is the most commonly used approach to reduce the incidence of FNHTR and allergic reactions to blood products; it is used in 50% to 80% of transfusions in the US and Canada.
Which of the following treatments would prevent a transfusion reaction?
The most common approach to preventing FNHTR and allergic reactions is to give the patient premedication with an antipyretic such as paracetamol and an anti-histamine such as diphenydramine. There is very widespread use of these drugs prior to a transfusion.
What are the most commonly encountered immediate and delayed type transfusion reactions?
The most common adverse sequelae to transfusion of blood and blood components are fever, chills, and urticaria. The most potentially significant reactions include acute and delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions.
How do you prevent acute hemolytic reactions?
Prevention. Donated blood is put into ABO and Rh groups to reduce the risk for transfusion reaction. Before a transfusion, recipient and donor blood are tested (cross-matched) to see if they are compatible. A small amount of donor blood is mixed with a small amount of recipient blood.