What are the causes of wood defects?

What are the causes of wood defects?

There are innate defects caused by the natural characteristic of wood to shrink or expand in response to water vapor in the air. And, there are artificial and mechanical defects caused by incorrect sawing or machining (conversion), improper drying (seasoning), or improper handling and storage.

How many types of shakes are found in timber?

The followings are the five main types of defects in timber: Defects due to Natural Forces. Defects due to Attack by Insects. Defects due to Fungi.

What causes shake in timber?

The cause is often rapid or uneven seasoning, causing the outside of the log to shrink faster than the heart. Exposure to the elements can cause star shakes, as can frost during the growth of the tree.

What is defect and types of defect?

Defects are defined as the deviation of the actual and expected result of system or software application. Defects can also be defined as any deviation or irregularity from the specifications mentioned in the product functional specification document. Defects are caused by the developer in development phase of software.

What are the various defects found in wood describe each?

Common Defects and Characteristics Found in Wood

Bark inclusion or pocket A piece of bark wholly or partially enclosed within the wood, which is weakened as bark a result.
Warping Any deviation from a true or flat surface. This can include bowing, crooking, cupping, twisting or a combination of these.

What is the definition of wood defects?

Wood defects are usually an abnormality or irregularity in the wood that arise from many different causes. For example, natural and acquired wood defects can be caused from insect and fungal attack, or rapid tree growth.

How can timber defects be prevented?

The dry rot may be prevented by using well-seasoned timber free from sap. When part of the timber is seriously affected by dry rot, the damaged portion may be completely Removed and the remaining unaffected portion should be painted with a solution of copper sulphate.

What is collapse in timber?

Progressive collapse is characterised by a disproportionate and severe collapse of a structure due to local failure, which is usually caused by accidental or abnormal loadings – such as gas explosion, fire, blast or vehicular collision.

What natural defects does wood have?

Natural Wood Defects

  • Bark Pockets. Formed when a small piece of the bark protrudes into the lumber.
  • Bird Pecks.
  • Burls.
  • Coarse Grain.
  • Fungal Damage.
  • Insect Defects.
  • Knots.
  • Raised Grain.

What is defect example?

The definition of a defect is an imperfection or lacking that causes the person or thing with the defect to fall short of perfection. An example of a defect is a genetic condition that causes weakness or death. An example of a defect is faulty wiring that results in a product not working.

What are defect types?

Following are the common types of defects that occur during development:

  • Arithmetic Defects.
  • Logical Defects.
  • Syntax Defects.
  • Multithreading Defects.
  • Interface Defects.
  • Performance Defects.

What are the main causes of timber defects?

Defects in timber due to Natural Forces Wind Cracks in Timber. If the wood is exposed continuously to the high-speed winds, the outer surface shrinks and forms crack externally, which are called wind cracks. Shakes in Timber. Shakes are nothing but cracks which separate the wood fibers partly or completely. Twisted Fibers in Timbers. Upsets. Rind Galls. Burls. Water Stain. Chemical Stain.

What are some common defects in timber?

KNOTS. A knot marks the position of growth of a branch on the tree.

  • SHAKES. After knots,shakes are more serious and common defects in timber.
  • CROSS GRAIN. As said earlier,fibers of the wood in a normal tree are usually parallel to the axis of growth (length of timber).
  • RINDGALLS etc.
  • What are the man made defects in timber?

    Defects in Timber During Conversion Diagonal Grain Defect in Timber. During the conversion of timber, different cutting saws are used. Torn Grain. In the conversion, many tools are used. Chip Mark. When the timber is cut through the planning machine, the parts of the machine may form chip marks on it. Wane.

    What is timber deffects?

    Twist: Twist in timber rotates the ends of the timber in opposite directions. The main reason behind this defect is twisting of the trees by the strong wind.