When should I plant seeds NZ?

When should I plant seeds NZ?

Late Summer & Early Autumn – Either sowing method may be used although it is always preferable to sow small or fine seeds in flats, pots or trays and when the seedlings become strong enough, transplant to the garden in Autumn.

What month do you sow seeds?

The best time to start seeds is usually late March to late May. Only the southern zones are suitable for starting plants from seed in the earlier months. Give the plant enough time to germinate and grow to an appropriate transplant size.

What are the steps of sowing seeds?

Using a small stick (toothpicks work well) make a small hole in the mix slightly larger than the seed. The seed is to be sown the same depth as the seed width, eg for a seed 2mm in size, sow the seed 2mm deep into mix. Place seed into the hole and gently cover the seed with a small amount of growing mix.

What are the 3 requirements for a seed to germinate?


  • The beginning of the growth of a seed into a seedling is known as germination.
  • All seeds need water, oxygen and the right temperature to germinate.
  • Dormancy is a state of suspended animation in which seeds delay germination until conditions are right for survival and growth.

What can I sow in May?

Flower seeds to sow in May

  • Cornflower – sow directly outside to help attract wildlife to your garden.
  • Nasturtiums – sow outside in pots containers and in borders.
  • Poppy – directly sow seeds outside for germination within 7-30 days.
  • Sunflower – directly sow outdoors now for flowering this year in late summer and autumn.

Is it too early to plant seeds?

Seeds sown too early will result in bigger plants which then need to be potted up into bigger containers which quickly take over your seed starting area/house and cost you more money is potting soil, organic fertilizer and pots. Tomato plants grow and yield best when they are transplanted before they begin to flower.

How often do I water seeds?

Yes, seeds normally need to be watered at least once per day to keep the soil moist, not permitting it to dry out. In especially warm climates (or depending on your soil or garden setup), you may need to water more than once per day. Check on your seeds or seedlings frequently to make sure they have plenty of water.

What are the six steps in germination?

The Seed Germination Process

  1. Step 1: Imbibition: water fills the seed.
  2. Step 2: The water activates enzymes that begin the plant’s growth.
  3. Step 3: The seed grows a root to access water underground.
  4. Step 4: The seed grows shoots that grow towards the sun.
  5. Step 5: The shoots grow leaves and begin photmorphogenesis.

How many hours of light do seeds need to germinate?

The most important thing to consider and deliver is adequate plant light. Seedlings need more light than full grown plants, ideally as much as 16-18 hours a day. Additional light may be required for seeds started during the winter months.