What is the difference between standard and additional infection control precautions?
Rationale: Additional precautions are measures used in addition to Standard Precautions when extra practices are required to prevent transmission of specific infectious diseases.
What are the additional precautions for infection control?
Standard precautions consist of the following practices:
- hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.
- the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.
- the safe use and disposal of sharps.
What are the three 3 types of additional precautions?
Types of Additional Precautions. There are three categories of additional precautions: contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions.
What are additional precautions and when should they be used what additional precautions should be taken?
In healthcare facilities generally, standard precautions alone are often not sufficient to prevent the transmission of infectious agents. Additional precautions deal with situations of extra risk. They specify procedures for dealing with the patient who: has, or is carrying, a highly transmissible infection.
When do you use additional precautions?
Additional Precautions are based on the mode of transmission of the causative organism. Additional Precautions are used as an adjunct to Routine Practices when microorganisms are: Highly infectious • Known to create severe disease • Difficult to treat (antibiotic resistant).
What are the 10 Standard Precautions?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What are standard precautions?
Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
When Should additional precautions be used?
Additional precautions deal with situations of extra risk. They specify procedures for dealing with the patient who: has, or is carrying, a highly transmissible infection. is suspected to have, or to be carrying, a highly transmissible infection.