What is gait cerebral palsy?
What are cerebral palsy gait disorders? Children with cerebral palsy may have a number of bone, joint and muscle problems that affect their walking (gait). Spasticity or contractures of muscles can cause the knees to flex at the hip knee and ankle which can cause difficulty or increased energy requirement of walking.
What is spastic gait?
Spastic gait — a stiff, foot-dragging walk caused by a long muscle contraction on one side. Steppage gait — foot drop where the foot hangs with the toes pointing down, causing the toes to scrape the ground while walking, requiring someone to lift the leg higher than normal when walking.
What are the different types of gait?
What are some types of gait disorders?
- Propulsive gait. This type of gait is seen in patients with parkinsonism.
- Scissors gait. This type of gait gets its name because the knees and thighs hit or cross in a scissors-like pattern when walking.
- Spastic gait.
- Steppage gait.
- Waddling gait.
What is bilateral spastic cerebral palsy?
In bilateral spastic Cerebral Palsy, the brain damage centers on the motor cortex, the basal ganglia and the corticospinal tract. This prevents the muscles from properly absorbing the amino acid that governs muscle tone.
What are the characteristics of spastic gait?
Spastic gait is characterized by stiffness and bounce in the legs and a tendency to circumduct and scuff the feet. In extreme instances, the legs cross from increased tone in the adductors. Shoes often reflect an uneven pattern of wear across the outside.
What neurological conditions affect gait?
Among the neurological causes, sensory ataxia (18 %) and parkinsonian (16 %) gait disorders were the most common, followed by frontal (8 %), cerebellar ataxic gait disorders, cautious gait and hypotonic paretic, spastic, vestibular and dyskinetic gait disorders.