What does digoxin do to ECG?

What does digoxin do to ECG?

The classic digoxin effect appears as a downsloping ST segment depression, also known as the “reverse tick” or “reverse check” sign. Digoxin toxicity can induce literally every arrhythmia except for rapidly conducted atrial arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter).

What are signs of dig toxicity?

These are symptoms of digitalis toxicity:

  • Confusion.
  • Irregular pulse.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
  • Fast heartbeat.
  • Vision changes (unusual), including blind spots, blurred vision, changes in how colors look, or seeing spots.

What is the dig effect?

Digoxin effect refers to the presence on the ECG of: Downsloping ST depression with a characteristics “Salvador Dali sagging” appearance. Flattened, inverted, or biphasic T waves. Shortened QT interval.

Why does digoxin cause arrhythmias?

Digoxin is very pro-arrhythmic, meaning that it increases the probability of arrhythmias occurring. This is explained by the increase in intracellular calcium levels, which causes a shortening of the action potential. Digoxin shortens the action potential in all cardiac cells, both in the atria and the ventricles.

How do you treat dig toxicity?


  1. Monitoring the person for problems.
  2. Stopping digoxin or restarting it at a lower dose.
  3. Medicine to stop digoxin in the body, such as activated charcoal or digoxin immune fab.
  4. Medicine to help manage health problems like abnormal levels of electrolytes or abnormal heart rhythms.

What is dig toxicity and how do you treat it?

Digoxin immune Fab (Digibind) is an immunoglobulin fragment that binds with digoxin. It is currently considered first-line treatment for significant dysrhythmias (eg, severe bradyarrhythmia, second- or third-degree heart block, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation) from digitalis toxicity.

When do you treat digoxin toxicity?

Treatment of severe toxicity is with digoxin-specific antibody fragments. Its use is recommended in those who have a serious dysrhythmia, are in cardiac arrest, or have a potassium of greater than 5 mmol/L. Low blood potassium or magnesium should also be corrected.