How do I run a service as a specific user?
How to run systemd service as specific user and group in Linux
- Step 1: Overview on systemd.
- Step 2: Create user and Group.
- Step 3: Create Sample Script.
- Step 4: Create unit file to run systemd service as specific user and group.
- Step 5: Verify the systemd unit file configuration.
How do I run a shell script from a specific user?
Simply call the shell script as follows:
- $ ./ welcome.sh.
- $ su otheruser -s script.sh.
- $ su linuxways -s welcome.sh.
- $ sudo -H -u otheruser bash -c ‘echo “I am $USER, with uid $UID”‘
- $ sudo -H -u linuxways bash -c ‘echo “I am $USER, with uid $UID”‘
- $ cat /etc/passwd | grep linuxways.
Should daemon run as root?
Linux daemons are not normally at risk since they usually only start, stop, or respond to well-defined system events. In many cases these daemons must run as the root account so they can control other processes or respond to critical system events. The db2chkpwd process needs to read the /etc/shadow password file.
How do you start a daemon?
To start a daemon, if it is in the bin folder, then you could, for example, run sudo ./feeder -d 3 from the bin folder. hi, I have tested or used kill/killall to kill one deamon. But in a moment, the deamon will automatically restart(using bin/status, the status of the daemon is running).
How do I run a service as a root user?
Adding commonads in sudoers:
- Where is the sudoers file?
- just type visudo as root , it will open the config file and u need to allow your user thoese commands.
- remember to replace the service name with the name of your systemd service.
How do I run as different users in Windows 10?
The easiest way to run an application on behalf of another user is to use the Windows File Explorer GUI. Just find an application (or a shortcut) you want to start, press the Shift key and right-click on it. Select Run as different user in the context menu.
How do I login as another user in Linux?
To change to a different user and create a session as if the other user had logged in from a command prompt, type “su -” followed by a space and the target user’s username. Type the target user’s password when prompted.
Which option needs to be set to execute a command as a different user?
If you need to run a command as a different (non-root) user, use the –l [username] option to specify the user account.
Is Systemctl a root?
To clear, systemd system services run as root by default, but there is still a difference between the default behavior and running a system service with User=root . I tested to confirm this finding. So if you want to run a systemd service as root that needs one of the above variables, you need to set User=root .
How would you manage systemd services with a non root user?
Run Systemd Service as standard Logged in user Create a systemd service unit file under the directory. Reload systemd. Confirm the service is available. $ systemctl –user list-unit-files syncthing.
What is the difference between daemon and service?
The word daemon for denoting a background program is from the Unix culture; it is not universal. A service is a program which responds to requests from other programs over some inter-process communication mechanism (usually over a network).
Is there a way to run a daemon with another user?
In my experience, sudo is not always available on RHEL systems, but su is, because su is part of the coreutils package whereas sudo is in the sudo package. I usually do it the way that you are doing it (i.e. sudo -u username command). But, there is also the ‘djb’ way to run a daemon with privileges of another user.
How do I change the user of the Transmission daemon?
Essentially, create a supplementary unit for “transmission-daemon.service” to change the User=… setting and then update that user’s “~/.config/transmission-daemon/settings.json” file. Stop transmission (if it’s already running). Create a new supplement file called “run-as-user.conf”.
How do I get the Daemon’s log?
Please note the User, –config-dir and the –log-debug changes. Once you have set the –log-debug (which will give you more information of any issue) option you can get the daemon’s log: Done. /etc/default/transmission-daemon: It seems that nobody is sourcing it in systemd systems.
How do I prevent–start from starting the Daemon?
Any matching process will prevent –start from starting the daemon. All matching processes will be sent the TERM signal (or the one specified via –signal or –retry) if –stop is specified. For daemons which have long-lived children which need to live through a –stop, you must specify a pidfile.