Who were the two leaders of the Enlightenment?
The philosophical movement was led by Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who argued for a society based upon reason as in ancient Greece rather than faith and Catholic doctrine, for a new civil order based on natural law, and for science based on experiments and observation.
Who are the most famous Enlightenment?
10 Key Figures of The Enlightenment
- Francis Bacon (1561–1626) Sir Francis Bacon.
- Rene Descartes (1596–1650)
- John Locke (1632–1704)
- Frederick the Great (1712–1786)
- Voltaire (1694–1778)
- Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790)
- Denis Diderot (1713–1784)
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)
What were the 2 main Enlightenment ideas?
There were two distinct lines of Enlightenment thought: the radical enlightenment, advocating democracy, individual liberty, freedom of expression, and eradication of religious authority. A second, more moderate variety sought accommodation between reform and the traditional systems of power and faith.
Who were the major Enlightenment thinkers?
Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern. These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced.
What was the Enlightenment in Europe?
Enlightenment, French siècle des Lumières (literally “century of the Enlightened”), German Aufklärung, a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature, and humanity were synthesized into a worldview that gained wide assent in the West and that instigated …
Who are the top Enlightenment thinkers and writers?
18 Key Thinkers of the Enlightenment
- Locke, John 1632 – 1704.
- Montesquieu, Charles-Louis Secondat 1689 – 1755.
- Newton, Isaac 1642 – 1727.
- Quesnay, François 1694 – 1774.
- Raynal, Guillaume-Thomas 1713 – 1796.
- Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1712 – 1778.
- Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques 1727 – 1781.
- Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet 1694 – 1778.
Who were the leading figures of the Enlightenment and what were their main contributions?
Some of the most important writers of the Enlightenment were the Philosophes of France, especially Voltaire and the political philosopher Montesquieu. Other important Philosophes were the compilers of the Encyclopédie, including Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Condorcet.
When was the Enlightenment in Europe?
1715 – 1789Age of Enlightenment / Period