What is the scientific name for Shigella?

What is the scientific name for Shigella?

ShigellaShigella / Scientific name

Does Shigella have a common name?

Shigella sonnei (the most common species in the United States) Shigella flexneri. Shigella boydii. Shigella dysenteriae.

What is another name for Shigella?

Other names Bacillary dysentery, Marlow syndrome
Shigella seen in a stool sample
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain

Is shigellosis and Shigella the same thing?

Shigella bacteria cause an infection called shigellosis. Most people with Shigella infection have diarrhea (sometimes bloody), fever, and stomach cramps. Symptoms usually begin 1–2 days after infection and last 7 days. Most people recover without needing antibiotics.

What is Shigella microbiology?

Shigella is a genus of gamma proteobacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae. Shigellae are Gram-negative, nonmotile, non-spore forming, rod-shaped bacteria, very closely related to Escherichia coli. Shigellosis. Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by various species of Shigella.

What is Shigella named after?

Shigella is named after Dr. Kiyoshi Shiga, a Japanese scientist who discovered the bacteria in 1897 during a severe seasonal dysentery epidemic in which more than 90,000 cases were estimated, with a mortality rate >20%.

What are the different types of Shigella?

Shigella dysenteriae
Shigella flexneriShigella sonneiShigella boydii
Shigella/Lower classifications

What type of organism is Shigella dysenteriae?

Shigella, genus of rod-shaped bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae, species of which are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract and can cause dysentery, or shigellosis. Shigella are microbiologically characterized as gram-negative, non-spore-forming, nonmotile bacteria.

Where is shigellosis found?

Shigella is found in the stool (feces) of infected people, in food or water contaminated by an infected person, and on surfaces that have been touched by infected people. Shigellosis often occurs in toddlers who are not fully toilet-trained.

What type of disease is Shigella?

Overview. Shigella infection (shigellosis) is an intestinal infection caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella. The main sign of shigella infection is diarrhea, which often is bloody. Shigella is very contagious.

What is Shigella dysenteriae?

Shigellosis is a type of diarrhea caused by some bacteria of the Shigella genus, S. dysenteriae included. It is characterized by the phenotype of watery diarrhea at first, followed by the classic dysenteric stool, which is little in volume and grossly bloody.

What is the pathophysiology of reactive arthritis associated with Shigella dysenteriae type 1?

Reactive arthritis associated with Shigella dysenteriae type 1 infection. external icon J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1997;15 (1):21-4. People with shigellosis can get bloodstream infections caused by Shigella germs or by other germs in the gut that get into the bloodstream when shigellosis damages intestinal linings.

Does Shiga toxin play a role in the pathogenesis of bacillary dysentery?

Role of Shiga toxin in the pathogenesis of bacillary dysentery, studied by using a Tox- mutant of Shigella dysenteriae 1. Infection and Immunity. 1988;56 (12):3099-3109.

What is the epidemiology of Shigella?

Epidemiology. Shigella infections may be contracted by a lack of monitoring of water and food quality, unsanitary cooking conditions and improper hygiene practices.. S. dysenteriae spreads through contaminated water and food, causes minor dysentery because of its Shiga toxin, but other species may also be dysentery agents. S.