What is the meaning of congenital malformation?
Congenital anomalies can be defined as structural or functional anomalies that occur during intrauterine life. Also called birth defects, congenital disorders, or congenital malformations, these conditions develop prenatally and may be identified before or at birth, or later in life.
What are examples of congenital malformations?
Congenital anomalies comprise a wide range of abnormalities of body structure or function that are present at birth and are of prenatal origin….Examples include:
- orofacial clefts,
- neural tube defects, and.
- limb deficiencies.
What is the most common congenital malformation?
The most common, severe congenital anomalies are heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome. Although congenital anomalies may be the result of one or more genetic, infectious, nutritional or environmental factors, it is often difficult to identify the exact causes.
What is congenital malformations in newborn?
Congenital malformation: A physical defect present in a baby at birth that can involve many different parts of the body, including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract.
What are the 4 causes of birth defects?
What causes birth defects?
- Genetics. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that prevents them from working properly.
- Chromosomal problems.
- Exposures to medicines, chemicals, or other toxic substances.
- Infections during pregnancy.
- Lack of certain nutrients.
Why are babies born with abnormalities?
A birth defect is something visibly abnormal, internally abnormal, or chemically abnormal about your newborn baby’s body. The defect might be caused by genetics, infection, radiation, or drug exposure, or there might be no known reason.
What is the risk of congenital malformations?
Environmental factors that are considered as being potential risk factors in causing congenital malformation include maternal infection, maternal age and maternal drug intake during the critical period of embryogenesis and substances such as, caffeine, nicotine, commonly used medicines, maternal nutritional and health …
What is considered a congenital anomaly?
Congenital anomaly: Something that is unusual or different at birth. A minor anomaly is defined as an unusual anatomic feature that is of no serious medical or cosmetic consequence to the patient. A minor anomaly of the feet might, for example, be curvature of the second toe so it overlaps the third toe a little.
What is the most common congenital disorder?
The most common congenital disorder affecting cell membrane transport is cystic fibrosis. In the United States, the condition occurs in 1 in every 2,500 births, meaning that 4 percent of all persons are carriers of cystic fibrosis.
What are some examples of congenital disorders?
Congenital anomalies can contribute to long-term disability, which may have significant impacts on individuals, families, health-care systems, and societies. The most common, severe congenital anomalies are heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome.