What is Nestorian theology?
Nestorianism is the Christian doctrine that Jesus existed as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person. This doctrine is identified with Nestorius (386–451), patriarch of Constantinople.
What is Nestorian in English?
1 : of or relating to the doctrine ascribed to Nestorius and ecclesiastically condemned in 431 that divine and human persons remained separate in the incarnate Christ. 2 : of or relating to a church separating from Byzantine Christianity after 431, centering in Persia, and surviving chiefly in Asia Minor.
Does Nestorianism still exist?
Nestorianism continues today, though its adherents are few, with groups being found in Iraq, India, Iran, Syria, and North and South America.
What is the Nestorian controversy?
Nestorius’s teachings became the root of controversy when he publicly challenged the long-used title Theotokos (“God-Bearer”) for Mary. He suggested that the title denied Christ’s full humanity, arguing instead that Jesus had two persons (dyoprosopism), the divine Logos and the human Jesus.
How many Nestorian Christians are there?
Today there are about 400,000 Nestorians living around Orumiyeh around Lake Urmiah in northwestern Iran. They also live in the plains of Azerbaijan, the mountains of Kurdistan in eastern Turkey and in the plain around Mosul in northern Iraq.
Is the Church of the East Nestorian?
Contemporary Nestorians are represented by the Church of the East, or Persian Church, usually referred to in the West as the Assyrian, or Nestorian, Church. Most of its members live in Iraq, Syria, and Iran.
Why is Nestorianism wrong?
Nestorius was unable to affirm the unity of Christ as St. Cyril and the council fathers defined it. The Nestorian error is to ascribe excessive division between the natures. The Council of Ephesus condemned Nestorius first and foremost for rejecting the title of Theotokos applied to the Mother of God.
What did the church do about Nestorianism?
Nestorianism was condemned as heresy at the Council of Ephesus (431). The Armenian Church rejected the Council of Chalcedon (451) because they believed Chalcedonian Definition was too similar to Nestorianism. The Persian Nestorian Church, on the other hand, supported the spread of Nestorianism in Persarmenia.
What does the Bible say about Nestorianism?
A brief definition of Nestorian Christology can be given as: “Jesus Christ, who is not identical with the Son but personally united with the Son, who lives in him, is one hypostasis and one nature: human.” This contrasts with Nestorius’ own teaching that the Word, which is eternal, and the Flesh, which is not, came …
What does Nestorianism mean?
Nestorianism – the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus (which is opposed to Roman Catholic doctrine that Christ is fully God) heresy, unorthodoxy – a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion theological doctrine – the doctrine of a religious group
What is the Nestorian view of Jesus?
Nestorianism – the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus (which is opposed to Roman Catholic doctrine that Christ is fully God)
What is another name for the Nestorian Church?
For the church sometimes known as the Nestorian Church, see Church of the East. “Nestorian” redirects here. For other uses, see Nestorian (disambiguation). Nestorianism is a polysemic term, used in Christian theology and Church history as a designation for several mutually related but doctrinarily distinctive sets of teachings.
What is Nestorian Mariology and Nestorian Christology?
Nestorian Mariology rejects the title Theotokos (“God-bearer”) for Mary, thus emphasizing distinction between divine and human aspects of the Incarnation. Nestorian Christology promotes the concept of a prosopic union of two natures (divine and human) in Jesus Christ, thus trying to avoid and replace the concept of a hypostatic union.