What is the femur anatomy?
femur, also called thighbone, upper bone of the leg or hind leg. The head forms a ball-and-socket joint with the hip (at the acetabulum), being held in place by a ligament (ligamentum teres femoris) within the socket and by strong surrounding ligaments.
What is the structure and function of the femur?
The femur is the longest bone in the human skeleton. It functions in supporting the weight of the body and allowing motion of the leg. The femur articulates proximally with the acetabulum of the pelvis forming the hip joint, and distally with the tibia and patella to form the knee joint.
What is the end of the femur called?
The femur is the bone of the upper leg. The proximal end of the femur connects to the hip joint. It is marked by a spherical ball, called the femoral head, that fits into the socket of the hip joint, the acetabulum.
Is femur axial or appendicular?
The appendicular skeleton is everything else. It’s everything that attaches on to the axial skeleton. Think “appendages”. The pelvis, femur, fibula, tibia and all of the foot bones as well as the scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna and all of the hand bones are classified as appendicular.
What is the bottom of the femur called?
The distal femur is where the bone flares out like an upside-down funnel. The distal femur is the area of the leg just above the knee joint.
What is thigh bone called?
The thigh bone, or femur, is the large upper leg bone that connects the lower leg bones (knee joint) to the pelvic bone (hip joint).
What are the 8 appendicular bones?
Structure and Function
- Shoulder girdle:
- Clavicle. Scapula.
- Radius. Ulna.
- Wrist or carpal bones.
- Scaphoid. Lunate. Triquetrum. Pisiform. Trapezium. Trapezoid. Capitate. Hamate.
Which is the smallest bone in human body?
Once there, the sound waves vibrate three bones known as the ossicles, which are made up of the malleus, the incus, and the stapes. The stapes is the smallest bone in the human body.
Where is distal end of femur?