What is an example of a vector disease?
Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.
What is non vector transmission?
Primarily the non-vector routes involve percutaneous or mucocutaneous exposure to infectious blood, vertical transmission, and receipt of infected products for treatment.
What is meant by a vector of disease?
A vector is a living organism that transmits an infectious agent from an infected animal to a human or another animal. Vectors are frequently arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies, fleas and lice.
Is Ebola a vector-borne disease?
There is no evidence that mosquitoes or other insects transmit the Ebola virus. For humans, the source of exposure to virus-carrying body fluids may include: An infected animal. Another person who has symptoms of the disease or has died from the disease.
Are rats vectors?
Rats from ships can be vectors for many diseases and have spread epidemics of plague to many seaport cities. In addition to plague, murine typhus, salmonellosis, trichinosis, leptospirosis and rat bite fever are known to be spread by rats. Malaria is transmitted to humans by mosquito vectors.
Is Zika virus a vector transmission?
The transmission of ZIKV occurs primarily by infected mosquito vectors such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. However, it can also be spread via infected semen and blood12. The first autochthonous case of Zika in the mainland US was reported in July 2016, in Miami, Florida.
Can humans be vectors of disease?
Many factors affect the incidence of vector-borne diseases. These factors include animals hosting the disease, vectors, and people. Humans can also be vectors for some diseases, such as Tobacco mosaic virus, physically transmitting the virus with their hands from plant to plant.
Is measles a vector-borne disease?
Measles is a very contagious viral disease that is spread through the air from person to person. Measles can be transmitted when someone with measles coughs or sneezes, and other people breathing the air containing the measles virus can then get measles.