What happened in Argentina in the 1970s?
The Dirty War (Spanish: Guerra sucia) is the name used by the military junta or civic-military dictatorship of Argentina (Spanish: dictadura cívico-militar de Argentina) for the period of state terrorism in Argentina from 1976 to 1983 as a part of Operation Condor, during which military and security forces and right- …
Why did the military take over Argentina in 1976?
A group of military officials, tasked by Perón to aide the vice-president, took control in an effort to revitalize Argentina’s deteriorating political and social climate. This shift in governance paved the way for the ensuing coup.
Who was the dictator in Argentina in the 1970s?
Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (/vɪˈdɛlə/; Spanish: [ˈxoɾxe rafaˈel biˈðela]; 2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a military officer and dictator, General Commander of the Army, member of the Military Junta, and de facto President of Argentina from March 29, 1976 to March 29, 1981.
How did Argentina become a dictatorship?
On March 24, 1976, a new military uprising overthrew president Isabel Perón and established a permanent dictatorship (a bureaucratic-authoritarian state), calling itself the “National Reorganization Process”. The country was governed by a military junta made up of three members of the military, one for each faction.
Is Argentina a dictatorship or a democracy?
The politics of Argentina take place in the framework of what the Constitution defines as a federal presidential representative democratic republic, where the President of Argentina is both Head of State and Head of Government. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Argentine National Congress.
How many dictatorships did Argentina have?
In Argentina, there were six coups d’état during the 20th century: in 1930, 1943, 1955, 1962, 1966 and 1976. The first four established interim dictatorships, while the last two established dictatorships of permanent type on the model of a bureaucratic-authoritarian state.