What are 3 treatments of meningitis?

What are 3 treatments of meningitis?

Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection.

What causes purulent meningitis?

Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States.

What is the best antibiotic for meningitis?

In most cases of bacterial meningitis a broad spectrum cephalosporin (cefotaxime or ceftriaxone) is the most appropriate empirical choice in children over 3 months old. These cover Neisseria meningitides, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae, and penetrate CSF well.

What bacteria causes purulent meningitis?

Clinically, purulent meningitis usually manifests as fever, vomiting, headache, and meningeal irritation. The most common pathogens are Pneumococcus, Hemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus.

How is meningitis prevented?

Vaccination. Vaccines are the most effective way to protect against certain types of bacterial meningitis.

Who is generally at highest risk for meningitis Why?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.

What are the 3 most common causes of bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial Meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. Three types of bacteria are responsible for 80% of all Bacterial Meningitis. These are: 1) Hemophilus influenzae (type B), 2) Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus), and 3) Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus).

What causes bacterial meningitis in babies?

Bacterial Meningitis In newborns, the most common causes are group B strep, E. coli, and less commonly, Listeria monocytogenes. In older kids, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus) are often the causes.

Why is dexamethasone given before antibiotics in meningitis?

Dexamethasone reduces morbidity and mortality in bacterial meningitis by blunting the inflammatory response secondary to bacterial lysis, which frequently causes detrimental physiologic effects. Dexamethasone should be given prior (20 minutes before) or concurrently with antibiotics.

Does amoxicillin help meningitis?

Thus, intravenous amoxicillin sodium provided therapy for bacterial meningitis comparable to that of ampicillin in this limited case-control study.

Who needs prophylaxis for meningitis?

Prophylaxis is suggested for contacts of persons with meningococcal meningitis (eg, household contacts, daycare center members who eat and sleep in the same dwelling, close contacts in military barracks or boarding schools, and medical personnel performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation).

Who gets prophylaxis for meningitis?

Although rare, people can get meningococcal disease more than once. A previous infection will not offer lifelong protection from future infections. Therefore, CDC recommends meningococcal vaccines for all preteens and teens. In certain situations, children and adults should also get meningococcal vaccines.

Is meningitis caused by bacteria or a virus?

Meningitis can be caused by bacteria or a virus. While bacterial meningitis is more dangerous, viral meningitis is more common and runs a milder course. There are currently a number of bacteria that can lead to meningitis.

What are the precautions for meningitis?

Wash your hands often with soap and water. It’s possible to spread the disease by kissing, sneezing, coughing, or sharing utensils or toothbrushes. If you come into close contact with someone with meningitis, call your doctor. Depending on the type of meningitis, she may suggest you take an antibiotic as a precaution.

What are the signs of bacterial meningitis?


  • Headache
  • Stiff neck
  • What is the prognosis for bacterial meningitis?

    Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection. Several types of bacteria can cause meningitis.